(Ph.D., Stony Brook University) Associate Research Professor of Marine Sciences
My primary research focuses on atmospheric mesoscale processes associated with organized convective storms in a marine environment. Combining observations and high-resolution numerical simulations provides the opportunity to study the lifecycle of these storms, as well as the modification of their evolution due to the gradients in the thermodynamic and mass fields along the coastal zone.
I am also interested in the impact of climate variability on coastal storms, including organized convective systems and coastal cyclones. Changes in the frequency, distribution, and intensity of these phenomena can have the potential to drastically impact coastal zone, through variations in severe weather, storm surge, and the characteristics of precipitation events.
National Science Foundation he Faculty Early Career Development (CAREER) Program Award, 2018
Office of Naval Research Young Investigator Program (YIP) Award, 2017
Lombardo, K., and T. Kading.Â The behavior of squall lines in horizontally heterogeneous coastal environments. J. Atmos. Sci., in press.
Lombardo, K., E.Â Sinsky, J. Edson, M. M. Whitney, and Y. Jia. Sensitivity of offshore surface fluxes and sea breezes to the spatial distribution of sea-surface temperature. Boundary-Layer Meteorology,Â 166, 475-502, doi:10.1007/s10546-017-0313-7.
Milrad. S, K. Lombardo, E. H. Atallah, and J. R. Gyakum. Numerical simulations of the 2013 Alberta Flood: Dynamics, thermodynamics, and the role of orography.Â Mon. Wea. Rev.,Â 145, 3049-3072.
Kumjian, M. R., and K. Lombardo. Insights into the evolving microphysical and kinematic structure of northeastern U.S. winter storms from dual-polarization Doppler radar. Mon. Wea. Rev. 145(3),Â 1033-1061. Â Â Link
Flynn, K. R., M. R. Fewings, C. Gotschalk, and K. Lombardo. Large-scale anomalies in sea-surface temperature and air-sea fluxes during wind relaxation events off the United States west coast in summer. J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 122, doi: 10.1002/2016JC012613.Â Link
Lombardo, K., E. Sinsky, Y. Jia, M. M. Whitney, and J. Edson, 2016. Sensitivity of simulated sea breezes to initial conditions in complex coastal regions. Mon. Wea. Rev., 30, 1299-1320. Â Â Link
Fewings, M. R., L. Washburn, C. E. Dorman, C. Gotschalk, and K. Lombardo, 2016: Synoptic Forcing of wind relaxations of Pt. Conception, California,Â J. Geophys. Res. Oceans,Â 121,Â 5711-5730, doi:10.1002/2016JC011699.Â Â Link
Milrad, S., K. Lombardo, J. Gyakum, and E. Atallah, 2015. Corrigendum: On the dynamics, thermodynamics, and forecast model evaluation of two snow burst events in southern Alberta. Wea. Forecasting, 30, 1404-1404.Â Â Link
Lombardo, K., B. A. Colle, and Z. Zhang, 2015: Evaluation of historical and future cool season precipitation over the eastern United States and western Atlantic storm track using CMIP5 models. J. Clim., 28, 451-467.Â Link
Milrad, S. M., J. R. Gyakum,Â K. Lombardo, and E. H. Atallah, 2014: On the dynamics, thermodynamics, and forecast model evaluation of two snow burst events in southern Alberta.Â Wea. Forecasting,Â 29, 725-749. Â Link
Maloney, E. D., S. J. Camarago, E. Chang, B. Colle, R. Fu, K. L. Geil, Q. Hu, X. Jiang, N. Johnson, K, B. Karnauskas, J. Kinter, B. Kirtman, S. Kumar, B. Langenbrunner,Â K. Lombardo, L. N. Long, A. Mariotti, J. E. Meyerson, K. C. Mo, J. D. Neelin, Z. Pan, R. Seager, Y. Serra, A. Seth, J. Sheffield, J. Storeve, J. Thibeault, S.-P. Xie, C. Wang, B. Wyman, M. Zhao, 2014: North American Climate in CMIP5 Experiments. Part III: Assessment of 21st Century Projections,Â J. Clim.,Â 27, 2230-2270. Â Link
Sheffield, J., A. Barrett, B. Colle, D. N. Fernando, R. Fu, K. L. Geil, Q. Hu, J. Kinter, S. Kumar, B. Langenbrunner,Â K. Lombardo, L. N. Long, E. Maloney, A. Mariotti, J. E. Meyerson, K. C. Mo, D. Neelin, S. Nigam, Z. Pan, T. Ren, A. Ruiz-Barradas, Y. L. Serra, A. Seth, J. M. Thibeault, J. C. Stroeve, Z. Yang. L. Yin, 2014: North American Climate in CMIP5 Experiments. Part I: Evaluation of Historical Simulations of Continental and Regional Climatology,Â J. Clim.,Â 26, 9247-9290. Â Link
Lombardo, K., and B. A. Colle, 2013:Â Processes controlling the structure and longevity of two quasi-linear convective systems crossing the southern New England coast,Â Mon. Wea. Rev.,Â 141, 3710-3734. Â Link
Colle, B., Z. Zhang,Â K. Lombardo, E. Chang, P. Liu, M. Zhang, 2013: Historical and future predictions of eastern North America and western Atlantic extratropical cyclones in CMIP5 during the cool season,Â J. Clim.,Â 27, 6682-6903.Â Link
Lombardo, K., and B. A. Colle, 2012: Ambient conditions associated with the maintenance and decay of quasi-linear convective systems crossing the northeastern U.S. coast,Â Mon. Wea. Rev.,Â 140,Â 3805-3819.Â Link
Colle, B. A.,Â K. Lombardo, J. S. Tongue, W. Goodman, N. Vaz, 2012: Tornadoes in the New York metropolitan region: Climatology and multiscale analysis of two events,Â Wea. Forecasting,Â 27, 1326-1348.Â Link
Lombardo, K.,Â and B. A. Colle, 2011: Convective storm structures and ambient conditions associated with severe weather over the Northeast U.S,Â Wea. Forecasting,Â 26, 940-956.Â Link
Lombardo, K., and B. A. Colle, 2010: The spatial and temporal distribution of organized convective structures over the Northeast and their ambient conditions,Â Mon. Wea. Rev.,Â 138, 4456-4474.Â Link
Molinari, J.,Â K. Lombardo, and D. Vollaro, 2007: Tropical cyclogenesis within an equatorial Rossby wave packet,Â J. Atmos. Sci.,Â 64, 1301-1317.Â Link